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Good article on fuel storage

Discussions about hydrocarbon fuels

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Good article on fuel storage

Postby eochief66 » Sun Sep 22, 2013 8:55 am

Tess Pennington


In our everyday lives we are dependent on fuel to maintain our comfortable lifestyles. During a disaster however, we are even more dependent on fuel to maintain our basic survival needs. Having an emergency supply of fuel can help create warmth in your home to assist in regulating your body temperature, assist in cooking food, and also helps in powering essential emergency tools such as generators, household appliances.

Storing fuel can also be very economical given the price increases we have seen in gasoline these days. Ensure that you have purchased proper fuel storage containers or tanks for safety. Further, investing in fuel stabilizers such as Sta-bil and Pri-G or Pri-D would be beneficial if you plan on longer-term fuel storage. Some preppers store the same fuel for all of their prep items and have purchased kits to convert their equipment to one specific fuel source. More information about these conversion kits can easily be searched online.

However, storing fuel for short- or long-term disasters is not without its own set of unique challenges.

Storing fuel can create fire hazards if not stored properly, can be an OPSEC nightmare, and let's not forget that depending on where you live, storing large amounts of fuel can be illegal. Ensuring that you follow safety regulations for properly storing fuel, and knowing what the EPA and regulatory issues associated with storing fuel are will help you in your fuel storage preparedness. Contacting fuel dealers that are in your local area can also provide you with a host of useful information on this issue.

To ensure maximum safety, follow these basic guidelines when storing fuel:
•Use a proper fuel container to store fuel.
•Keep fuel dry.
•For safety reasons store fuel in an isolated area. Do not store fuel near your home or near appliances such as water tanks.
•Do not store fuel near ammunition.
•Store fuel downwind from any homes or buildings.
•Store fuel in a cool, dark area away from any sunlight or high temperature fluctuations.
•Rotate your fuel supply regularly.
•Have a fire extinguisher on hand in the area where the fuel is stored.
•Check the storage containers or tanks regularly to ensure that the fuel is safely stored away and that there are not any signs of leaking.

Knowing how much fuel to store is dependent largely on what you plan to use the fuel on during an emergency. If you wanted to only run a generator with gasoline to power your home and appliances during the day, plan on using 1-2 gallons of fuel per hour. In a 72-hour emergency where you are reliant on yourself to provide power, plan on needing at a minimum 48 gallons of fuel.

When making fuel storage preparations, think about what types of fuels your emergency equipment will need, and prepare accordingly. The six most popular fuel sources to store are listed below.

1. Firewood – This is the most basic of fuel sources, is inexpensive and depending on where you live, there could be a plentiful supply for use. Many preppers believe that firewood is one of the greatest self-sufficiency advantages of off-the-grid living. Ensure that your firewood is seasoned at least six months and is kept dry. Firewood is also the only fuel that has re-usable by-products. Firewood can be made into charcoal, and its ashes used in the garden or compost pile.

2. Gasoline – Because of the oxygenate additives that are added to gasoline, its shelf life is greatly affected. The shelf life for gasoline is about 1 year if properly stored. This type of fuel will more than likely need a stabilizer such as Sta-bil added to it to preserve the gasoline. This fuel can be even more diminished if gasoline is subjected to heat, and moisture. Most cities prohibit this type of fuel from being stored above ground, so check with a fuel dealer in your area. Additionally, there is strong evidence that these fuels pose dire health and environmental consequences, so please follow the safety suggestions provided above.

3. Diesel fuel – This fuel lasts longer than gasoline and is more safe to store because of the difficulty in ignition and is almost impossible to ignite by accident. According to Back Woods Home, a homesteading website, says there are two grades of diesel fuel:


Two grades are available: #1 diesel which is old-fashioned yellow kerosene, and #2 diesel which is the same thing as #2 home heating oil. (You may see literature to the contrary, but #2 diesel is #2 heating oil. Period.) Diesel fuel presents its own unique storage problems: The first is that it is somewhat hygroscopic; that is, it will absorb moisture from the air. The second and related problem is sludge formation. Sludge is the result of anaerobic bacteria living in the trapped water and eating the sulfur in the fuel. Left untreated, the sludge will grow until it fills the entire tank, ruining the fuel. Stored diesel fuel should be treated with a biocide like methanol or diesel Sta-Bil as soon as it is delivered. Unique to #2 is the fact that some paraffin wax is dissolved in the fuel and will settle out at about 20° F, clogging the fuel filter. This “fuel freezing” may be eliminated by adding 10% gasoline or 20% kerosene to the diesel fuel. Commercial diesel fuel supplements are also available to solve the same problem. Diesel should be filtered before use.

4. Kerosene – This is one of the more versatile fuels that can be stored for long-term use. Another perk of storing this fuel is that it does not evaporate as readily as gasoline. Although some preppers add stabilizers to this fuel to ensure it remains viable, no special treatment is needed. Did you know that many pre-1950 farm tractor engines were designed to run on kerosene? In fact, diesels will run on kerosene if necessary. Kerosene stoves and refrigerators are also available and would be very beneficial to have on hand during a disaster situation, especially a longer-term disaster.

5. Propane – Propane is a very popular fuel choice to store for disasters mainly because it is so widely available, easy to use, versatile and because it will last indefinitely. Propane is widely used in “off-grid” areas as an alternative to natural gas and electricity, and it is also a good choice for emergency fuel storage. There some automobiles that are even run on this fuel source. Steel cylinders can be purchased is different sizes to contain the desired amount of fuel you will need.

6. Solar power – Harnessing the sun’s power is another alternative to powering your home; and perhaps a new consideration for a preparedness plan is to look into solar preparedness supplies. There are a host of solar products that can make your life very convenient during an emergency. Consider doing some research on solar ovens, solar lamps, solar powered lights and lanterns, water heaters, well pumps and even farm equipment.

In Conclusion

Having emergency fuel sources on hand for short and long-term emergencies is an essential prep item to assist you during emergencies. Start researching what types of fuel you will need during an emergency, and how much you will need to survive a given emergency
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Re: Good article on fuel storage

Postby Illini Warrior » Sun Sep 22, 2013 11:39 am

Miles Stairs is the guru when it comes to anything kerosene .... good info on the fuel and keeping your lamps and heaters going ....

http://www.milesstair.com
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Re: Good article on fuel storage

Postby Pedro wyoming » Fri Aug 14, 2015 6:06 pm

I thought i would append an existing thread instead of starting a new one.
Regarding diesel storage...
Yesterday, i started a diesel engine that has not been run in 18 months and not fueled in almost two years. Last start was mid Feb '14 and last fuel added was around the end of Dec '13 on my way home from a job in NE Wyo. It was standard winter fuel mix for the rockies and was not treated otherwise. The 7.3 powerstroke started on the first turn of the starter without delay. So much for needing treating with Stabil-D for two year storage.

pW
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Re: Good article on fuel storage

Postby Grizbrb » Fri Aug 14, 2015 7:40 pm

I would add one more fuel . While n something you can run a genny on . Don't overlook paraffin wax . Lighting and cooking it does well . It also work with in limits as a heat source . When was the last time you have seen wax go bad?
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Re: Good article on fuel storage

Postby Briansel-71 » Sat Aug 15, 2015 12:25 am

I've been an over the road truck driver for the last 20 years. There's been some changes and diesel fuel. The modern low sulfur diesel fuel is washed with water to remove the sulfur so it has a high content of water. In a long-term storage situation this can create a problem. The best product on the market for a eliminating water in diesel fuel is called Howels Diesel treat. In the article that mentioned adding gasoline or kerosene to stabilize store diesel fuel. If you have an electronic fuel injected diesel engine do not add gasoline and limit kerosene to no more than 10% anything above that can ruin your electronic ejectors. The older mechanical fuel injection engines the information in the article is correct.
Also when purchasing diesel fuel be aware of bio fuel additives in cold-weather they can wax or gel out causing clogging and icing problems in the fuel lines and fuel filters. Also keep all fuel tanks in storage containers full reducing the air space and reducing the fuels exposure to condensation. Other than that I found that to be a very informative article.
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Re: Good article on fuel storage

Postby Briansel-71 » Sat Aug 15, 2015 12:29 am

Pedro wyoming wrote:I thought i would append an existing thread instead of starting a new one.
Regarding diesel storage...
Yesterday, i started a diesel engine that has not been run in 18 months and not fueled in almost two years. Last start was mid Feb '14 and last fuel added was around the end of Dec '13 on my way home from a job in NE Wyo. It was standard winter fuel mix for the rockies and was not treated otherwise. The 7.3 powerstroke started on the first turn of the starter without delay. So much for needing treating with Stabil-D for two year storage.

pW

That 7.3 power stroke is an awesome engine. As long as the glow plugs are good and the compression is good those things will start about anytime and run on about anything. Some kids stole the school bus with one of those in it damage the radiator and drove until it quit I replaced the radiator fired right up.
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Re: Good article on fuel storage

Postby 1guido2 » Sun Sep 25, 2016 10:40 am

Briansel-71 wrote:I've been an over the road truck driver for the last 20 years. There's been some changes and diesel fuel. The modern low sulfur diesel fuel is washed with water to remove the sulfur so it has a high content of water. In a long-term storage situation this can create a problem. The best product on the market for a eliminating water in diesel fuel is called Howels Diesel treat. In the article that mentioned adding gasoline or kerosene to stabilize store diesel fuel. If you have an electronic fuel injected diesel engine do not add gasoline and limit kerosene to no more than 10% anything above that can ruin your electronic ejectors. The older mechanical fuel injection engines the information in the article is correct.
Also when purchasing diesel fuel be aware of bio fuel additives in cold-weather they can wax or gel out causing clogging and icing problems in the fuel lines and fuel filters. Also keep all fuel tanks in storage containers full reducing the air space and reducing the fuels exposure to condensation. Other than that I found that to be a very informative article.


Hello, Briansel-71

First of all, I think the ULSD diesel fuel mandate sucks, just another example of the EPA "tail" wagging the dog.
However, removing the sulfur is a whole lot more complicated than simply washing the fuel with water. In very simple terms, the fuel must be thermally "cracked" at very high temps and pressures (2000 deg.F & 2500 psi) through a very expensive catalyst bed. It's easily the most expensive and complex operation performed in a refinery. The most expensive units to build, also. Then they have to build units to handle the hydrogen sulfide and turn it back into elemental sulfur, which also has to be handled.
That's the reason your truck fuel has risen in cost so much over the last few years. And, of course, for every increase in the refiner's cost, the gubmint has to increase what they take off the top. So, the gubmint mandates that the refiner spend more on "clean" fuels, then the gubmint re-structures their taxing policies to rake in more dough off the top. Who pays? (that's a rhetorical question.....)
What the gubmint like though, is "who gets blamed?" The oil companies.
OK, rant "off".

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